Russian Federation: Pre-Election Technical Assessment
International Foundation for Election Systems
Christian Nadeau, Esq.
Senior Election Advisor
Election Administration/Election Law Specialist
Russian Institute for Election Systems Development
This Report was made possible by a grant from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).
The opinions expressed in this Report are solely of the International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES).
This material is in the public domain and may be reproduced without permission. Citation is appreciated.
Table of Abbreviations and Abbreviated Designations
CEC - Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation
CPRF - Communist Party of the Russian Federation
DEC - District Election Commission
IESD - Institute for Election Systems Development
IFES - International Foundation for Election Systems
NGO - Non-Government Organization
PEC - Precinct Election Commission
PETA - Pre-Election Technical Assessment
SEC - Subject Election Commission
TEC - Territorial Election Commission
Basic Guarantees Law - Federal Law «On Basic Guarantees of Electoral Rights and the Right of Citizens of the Russian Federation to Participate in a Referendum»
Duma Elections Law - Federal Law «On the Election of Deputies of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation»
Duma - Lower House of Parliament
Federation Council - Upper House of Parliament