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02.04.2023, . 10:46


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Volga

- Interest in politics and government is low in the Volga region. Only 22% are interested and 76% are not interested. In all, 8% are satisfied and 87% are dissatisfied with the current national situation.

- Reasons for voter dissatisfaction are at similar levels to the national averages. Inflation is at 63%, crime (55%), standard of living (48%), unemployment (36%), chaos (33%), and Chechnya (30%).

- The most important issues are the economy (21%), quality of life (19%), peace (8%), prices (8%), and political leaders (7%).

- The Volga is one of the more pessimistic regions with regard to the political situation in the near term. Just 12% say the political situation will improve and 40% say it will get worse. On the economy, 13% say better and 42% worse.

- Support for state control of the economy is at 53% and 18% want to continue economic reforms.

- Unlike the nation as a whole, a plurality of Volga voters say that Russia is not a democracy (45%) and only 39% say that it is. Nearly as many (35%) say that Russia is primarily not a democracy,

- Voters in the region are significantly more likely to say that political power should be decentralized (45%) while 28% think it should be centralized.

- They are far more likely (42%) to say that Russia could serve as her own best model for development. Another 11% mention the U.S., 10% Germany, and 4% each for Switzerland and Japan.

- They are also less likely than most other regions to say that Russia would benefit most from a western orientation (22%); 6% say the East, 14% both, and 36% neither.

- Voters here are extremely reliant on media organizations or personalities (63%) for information when making voting decisions. 88% say National Channel 1 is useful and 83% call Channel 2 useful. Local television programs are perceived to be more useful here than elsewhere in the nation (71%). 59% say discussions with friends and family are useful. 65% say that newspapers are useful sources. Local radio may be useful (55%). 44% say that magazine articles are useful. The top two sources are National Channel 1 (45%) and Channel 2 (9%).

Institutions and Officials

- A 54% majority say that official corruption is very common and 27% fairly common. Only 5% say corruption is rare. Also, 62% say that elected officials in Moscow are only interested in helping themselves and 4% say they are interested in improving our lives. A 55% majority say their elected officials are not capable of making any improvement in their circumstances and 34% say they can make a difference.

- President Yeltsin's job approval in this region is below average at 16% while 74% disapprove. 26% approve of the State Duma's performance and 45% disapprove. 20% approve of the Federation Council and 33% disapprove.

Attitudes Toward the Electoral System

- Perceptions about fraud are lower here than average as 49% believe there was at least some fraud in 1993 (-7%) and 41% say there will be fraud in the 1995 elections (-7%).

- Those who believe fraud will occur give potential sources the following distribution:

15%

Central Election Commission

11 %

Executive Branch

8%

Other central authorities

8%

Local election offices

10%

Local executive authorities

8%

Political parties

9%

Local candidate organizations

17%

All of these

- Improper voting practices have the following scores. 4% witnessed financial incentives being offered to voters. 5% saw poll watchers and 3% saw local/election officials try to influence votes, and 1% say they felt their ballot wouldn't be kept secret. Group voting, was at 14%.

- Knowledge about the Central Election Commission is extremely low in this region as only 6% have read or heard a fair amount or more and 61% have heard nothing at all (+10%).

- Support for the computerization of elections is at 74% (59% quite a lot) and only 7% are opposed.

- Voters in this region oppose allowing candidates for the State Duma (51%), the Federation Council (53%) and the Presidency (56%) to receive private contributions. A 66% majority say that a ceiling should be established for such contributions. 55% support a minimum voting threshold for validating elections.

- 17% would like to increase the number of Duma representatives who are elected from party lists, 6% want more from single mandate constituencies, 29% would like the system to stay the same and 45% don't know.

- A 65% majority say the Federation Council should be directly elected, 7% call for indirect elections, and 4% think members should be appointed by the President. 22% don't know.

Voting Patterns

- Projected turnout for the Duma elections in the Volga region is average. Overall, 73% say they will vote and 20% will not. The percentage of those saying they are certain to vote is 42%. Only 27% of all young people are likely voters.

- Planned turnout for the presidential elections is average at 75%. 47% say they definitely will vote as compared with the national average of 46%.

- Vote efficacy in the region is, however, well below average as 44% (-9%) believe that by voting, people can actually change something in the life of our country and 43% say this is not possible.

- The following table rank orders the results of the Presidential ballot test in the region and shows a tie for first between Lebed and Yavlinsky. A high number of voters are undecided.

Yavlinsky

12%

Lebed

12%

Chernomyrdin

9%

Rutskoi

7%

Solzhenitsyn

6%

Zhirinovsky

6%

Yeltsin

4%

Gaidar

3%

Kozyrev

2%

Shakhrai

2%

Zyuganov

2%

Staravoitova

1%

Shumeiko

1%

Don't Know

31%

Political Parties

- 75% say that political parties are necessary to Russian democracy and 10% say they are not necessary. 52% strongly believe that parties are necessary.

A 42% plurality say that several parties is an ideal situation while 21% say that one party is the ideal.

33% there are clear differences between the parties and 33% say there are not. Just 2% say they are members of a party. 18% are more likely to vote for a candidate who is affiliated with a political party, 27% are more likely to vote for an unaffiliated candidate, and 36% say it makes no difference.

60% say that political parties speak to the issues that concern the Russian electorate.

- In the Duma ballot, support for the Communist Party is below average. The results are as follows:

Communist Party

9%

Women of Russia

8%

Yabloko

11%

Russia's Democratic Choice

8%

LDPR

4%

Democratic Party of Russia

1%

Agrarian Party

2%

Our Home Russia

2%

Party of Economic Freedom

1%

Party of Unity and Accord

1%

None

29%

Don't Know

20%

Voter Education

* Only 53% say they received enough information from election officials so that they understood the election process;;

* Only 3% have a great deal of information about the Democratic process, 15% have a fair amount, 43% have not very much, and 28% have none at all.

* 64% agree (41% strongly) that they don't have enough information with regard to their rights with regard to the authorities.

* 37% say they received enough information about the candidates or parties to make a good choice in the 1993 Parliamentary elections and 40% did not.

* 10% are very or somewhat familiar with their voting rights.

* 22% didn't have enough information on how to check the voter registry and 22% had too little information on means of alternative voting.

* Misunderstandings about voting rights include the following: 38% believe a family member can vote on your behalf by presenting your passport; 45% say that those who don't currently reside in Russia may not vote (+7%), and 56% think those serving time in prison may vote.

* 31 % say that those who don't speak Russian may not vote.

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