Юридическая консультация онлайн

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02.04.2023, . 10:56

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- Voters in Volgo-Vyatsky are also somewhat less interested than average in politics and government (28%). Satisfaction levels are average as well with 9% satisfied and 85% dissatisfied with the situation in the country. They are more likely than average to mention inflation (67%), standard of living (56%), and chaos (36%) as reasons for dissatisfaction. At the same time they are less likely to mention crime (45%), and Chechnya (26%).

- Concerns here include the economy (20%), quality of life (18%), political leaders (9%), high prices (9%), and unemployment (8%).

- Views on the political situation are unremarkable as 16% say that it will improve and 35% that it will get worse. On the economy, 19% say it will improve and 43% that it will worsen.

- These voters are somewhat more likely than the average to say the country should return to a system where the state controls much of the economy (56%) while 15% say that economic reforms should continue.

- Voters here are more likely than any other regions to that Russia is a Democracy (57%) and 35% say it is not.

- They lean toward decentralization of political power. Just 30% say power in the country should be centralized and 38% say it should be decentralized.

- As in most areas, a plurality of voters in this region (29%) say that Russia should serve as its own model for development. Still, 13% say the United States would serve as the best model for development and 8% say Germany and 7% Sweden.

- 27% say Russia would benefit from an orientation toward the West, 9% say the East, 21% say both, and 31% neither.

- Voters here are mainly reliant on media organizations or personalities (55%) for information when making voting decisions. 88% say National Channel 1 is useful and 76% call Channel 2 useful. Fewer than average (47%) say that local television programs are worthwhile. They give very high marks to discussions with friends and family (76%). 71% say that newspapers are useful sources. The top two sources are National Channel 1 (44%) and discussions with friends and family (13%).

- Radio may be an important vehicle here as 57% say local radio programs are useful and 40% use other radio programs. Another 46% say that magazine articles are useful, 30% find posters helpful, and 44% say that meetings with candidates are useful (+9%).

Institutions and Officials

- A 54% majority say that official corruption is very common and 33% fairly common. Only 5% say corruption is rare. Also, 60% say that elected officials in Moscow are only interested in helping themselves and 5% say they are interested in improving our lives. A 62% majority say their elected officials are not capable of making any improvement in their circumstances and 34% say they can make a difference.

- President Yeltsin's job approval in this region is above average at 27% while 61% disapprove. 22% approve of the State Duma's performance and 53% disapprove. 20% approve of the Federation Council and 38% disapprove.

Attitudes Toward the Electoral System

- Perceptions about fraud are slightly above average as 60% believe there was at least some fraud in 1993 (+4%) and 52% say there will be fraud in the 1995 elections (+4%).

- Those who believe fraud will occur give potential sources the following distribution:


Central Election Commission


Executive Branch


Other central authorities


Local election offices


Local executive authorities


Political parties


Local candidate organizations


All of these

- Improper voting practices have the following scores. 2% witnessed financial incentives being offered to voters. 5% saw poll watchers and 6% saw local/election officials try to influence votes, and 4% say they felt their ballot wouldn't be kept secret. Group voting, was at 13%.

- Knowledge about the Central Election Commission is also low in this region as only 5% have read or heard a fair amount or more and 54% have heard nothing at all (+3%).

- Support for the computerization of elections is above average as 78% are in favor (58% quite a lot) and only 10% are opposed.

- 58% of voters in this region oppose allowing candidates for the State Duma, the Federation Council (58%) and the Presidency (59%) to receive private contributions. A 71% majority say that a ceiling should be established for such contributions. 67% support a minimum voting threshold for validating elections.

- 27% would like to increase the number of Duma representatives who are elected from party lists, 8% want more from single mandate constituencies, 28% would like the system to stay the same and 35% don't know.

- A 59% majority say the Federation Council should be directly elected, 14% call for indirect elections, and 7% think members should be appointed by the President. 20% don't know.

Voting Patterns

- Projected turnout for the Duma elections in Volgo-Vyatsky is average. Overall, 73% say they will vote and 21% will not. The percentage of those saying they are certain to vote is 37%.

- Planned turnout for the presidential elections is slightly below average at 73%. Only 38% say they definitely will vote as compared with the national average of 46%. Among young voters, just 25% are likely to go to the polls.

- Vote efficacy in the region is a little lower than average as 52% believe that by voting, people can actually change something in the life of our country and 44% say this is not possible.

- The following table rank orders the results of the Presidential ballot test in the region and shows a three-way tie for first. A low number of voters are undecided.



























Don't Know


Political Parties

- 69% say that political parties are necessary to Russian democracy and 16% say they are not necessary. 42% strongly believe that parties are necessary.

A 43% plurality say that several parties is an ideal situation while 17% say that one party is the ideal.

An above-average 41% feel there are clear differences between the parties and 40% say there are not. Just 5% say they are members of a party. 25% are more likely to vote for a candidate who is affiliated with a political party, 34% are more likely to vote for an unaffiliated candidate (+7%), and 31% say it makes no difference.

60% say that political parties speak to the issues that concern the Russian electorate.

- In the Duma ballot, the results are as follows:

Communist Party


Women of Russia




Russia's Democratic Choice




Democratic Party of Russia


Agrarian Party


Our Home Russia


Party of Economic Freedom


Party of Unity and Accord


Stable Russia




Don't Know


Voter Education

* Only 49% say they received enough information from election officials so that they understood the election process;

* Only 2% have a great deal of information about the Democratic process, 14% have a fair amount, 57% have not very much, and 22% have none at all.

* 74% agree (53% strongly) that they don't have enough information with regard to their rights with regard to the authorities.

* 33% say they received enough information about the candidates or parties to make a good choice in the 1993 Parliamentary elections and 52% did not (8% above the national average).

* 17% are very or somewhat familiar with their voting rights.

* 21% didn't have enough information on how to check the voter registry and 24% had too little information on means of alternative voting.

* Misunderstandings about voting rights include the following: 36% believe a family member can vote on your behalf by presenting your passport; 40% say that those who don't currently reside in Russia may not vote, and 49% think those serving time in prison may vote.

* 25% say that those who don't speak Russian may not vote.

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