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02.04.2023, . 10:56


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Volgo-Vyatsky

- Voters in Volgo-Vyatsky are also somewhat less interested than average in politics and government (28%). Satisfaction levels are average as well with 9% satisfied and 85% dissatisfied with the situation in the country. They are more likely than average to mention inflation (67%), standard of living (56%), and chaos (36%) as reasons for dissatisfaction. At the same time they are less likely to mention crime (45%), and Chechnya (26%).

- Concerns here include the economy (20%), quality of life (18%), political leaders (9%), high prices (9%), and unemployment (8%).

- Views on the political situation are unremarkable as 16% say that it will improve and 35% that it will get worse. On the economy, 19% say it will improve and 43% that it will worsen.

- These voters are somewhat more likely than the average to say the country should return to a system where the state controls much of the economy (56%) while 15% say that economic reforms should continue.

- Voters here are more likely than any other regions to that Russia is a Democracy (57%) and 35% say it is not.

- They lean toward decentralization of political power. Just 30% say power in the country should be centralized and 38% say it should be decentralized.

- As in most areas, a plurality of voters in this region (29%) say that Russia should serve as its own model for development. Still, 13% say the United States would serve as the best model for development and 8% say Germany and 7% Sweden.

- 27% say Russia would benefit from an orientation toward the West, 9% say the East, 21% say both, and 31% neither.

- Voters here are mainly reliant on media organizations or personalities (55%) for information when making voting decisions. 88% say National Channel 1 is useful and 76% call Channel 2 useful. Fewer than average (47%) say that local television programs are worthwhile. They give very high marks to discussions with friends and family (76%). 71% say that newspapers are useful sources. The top two sources are National Channel 1 (44%) and discussions with friends and family (13%).

- Radio may be an important vehicle here as 57% say local radio programs are useful and 40% use other radio programs. Another 46% say that magazine articles are useful, 30% find posters helpful, and 44% say that meetings with candidates are useful (+9%).

Institutions and Officials

- A 54% majority say that official corruption is very common and 33% fairly common. Only 5% say corruption is rare. Also, 60% say that elected officials in Moscow are only interested in helping themselves and 5% say they are interested in improving our lives. A 62% majority say their elected officials are not capable of making any improvement in their circumstances and 34% say they can make a difference.

- President Yeltsin's job approval in this region is above average at 27% while 61% disapprove. 22% approve of the State Duma's performance and 53% disapprove. 20% approve of the Federation Council and 38% disapprove.

Attitudes Toward the Electoral System

- Perceptions about fraud are slightly above average as 60% believe there was at least some fraud in 1993 (+4%) and 52% say there will be fraud in the 1995 elections (+4%).

- Those who believe fraud will occur give potential sources the following distribution:

18%

Central Election Commission

12%

Executive Branch

4%

Other central authorities

8%

Local election offices

7%

Local executive authorities

10%

Political parties

6%

Local candidate organizations

27%

All of these

- Improper voting practices have the following scores. 2% witnessed financial incentives being offered to voters. 5% saw poll watchers and 6% saw local/election officials try to influence votes, and 4% say they felt their ballot wouldn't be kept secret. Group voting, was at 13%.

- Knowledge about the Central Election Commission is also low in this region as only 5% have read or heard a fair amount or more and 54% have heard nothing at all (+3%).

- Support for the computerization of elections is above average as 78% are in favor (58% quite a lot) and only 10% are opposed.

- 58% of voters in this region oppose allowing candidates for the State Duma, the Federation Council (58%) and the Presidency (59%) to receive private contributions. A 71% majority say that a ceiling should be established for such contributions. 67% support a minimum voting threshold for validating elections.

- 27% would like to increase the number of Duma representatives who are elected from party lists, 8% want more from single mandate constituencies, 28% would like the system to stay the same and 35% don't know.

- A 59% majority say the Federation Council should be directly elected, 14% call for indirect elections, and 7% think members should be appointed by the President. 20% don't know.

Voting Patterns

- Projected turnout for the Duma elections in Volgo-Vyatsky is average. Overall, 73% say they will vote and 21% will not. The percentage of those saying they are certain to vote is 37%.

- Planned turnout for the presidential elections is slightly below average at 73%. Only 38% say they definitely will vote as compared with the national average of 46%. Among young voters, just 25% are likely to go to the polls.

- Vote efficacy in the region is a little lower than average as 52% believe that by voting, people can actually change something in the life of our country and 44% say this is not possible.

- The following table rank orders the results of the Presidential ballot test in the region and shows a three-way tie for first. A low number of voters are undecided.

Yavlinsky

11%

Chernomyrdin

11%

Yeltsin

11%

Lebed

9%

Solzhenitsyn

9%

Rutskoi

6%

Zyuganov

5%

Staravoitova

5%

Gaidar

5%

Zhirinovsky

4%

Kozyrev

3%

Shakhrai

2%

Shumeiko

1%

Don't Know

19%

Political Parties

- 69% say that political parties are necessary to Russian democracy and 16% say they are not necessary. 42% strongly believe that parties are necessary.

A 43% plurality say that several parties is an ideal situation while 17% say that one party is the ideal.

An above-average 41% feel there are clear differences between the parties and 40% say there are not. Just 5% say they are members of a party. 25% are more likely to vote for a candidate who is affiliated with a political party, 34% are more likely to vote for an unaffiliated candidate (+7%), and 31% say it makes no difference.

60% say that political parties speak to the issues that concern the Russian electorate.

- In the Duma ballot, the results are as follows:

Communist Party

14%

Women of Russia

13%

Yabloko

8%

Russia's Democratic Choice

6%

LDPR

4%

Democratic Party of Russia

4%

Agrarian Party

2%

Our Home Russia

2%

Party of Economic Freedom

1%

Party of Unity and Accord

1%

Stable Russia

1%

None

25%

Don't Know

16%

Voter Education

* Only 49% say they received enough information from election officials so that they understood the election process;

* Only 2% have a great deal of information about the Democratic process, 14% have a fair amount, 57% have not very much, and 22% have none at all.

* 74% agree (53% strongly) that they don't have enough information with regard to their rights with regard to the authorities.

* 33% say they received enough information about the candidates or parties to make a good choice in the 1993 Parliamentary elections and 52% did not (8% above the national average).

* 17% are very or somewhat familiar with their voting rights.

* 21% didn't have enough information on how to check the voter registry and 24% had too little information on means of alternative voting.

* Misunderstandings about voting rights include the following: 36% believe a family member can vote on your behalf by presenting your passport; 40% say that those who don't currently reside in Russia may not vote, and 49% think those serving time in prison may vote.

* 25% say that those who don't speak Russian may not vote.

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