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02.04.2023, . 09:15

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- The Center also expresses average interest in politics and government (30% interested) and a high level of dissatisfaction (91%).

- Their reasons for dissatisfaction are slightly different than the national results. These voters are less concerned about inflation (56%) but are more likely to mention standard of living (53%), economic decline (32%), lack of political leadership (28%) and Social/Moral decay (26%). Otherwise, 51% mention crime, 36% the situation in Chechnya, and 35% chaos/instability.

- The top five problems for this region are the economy (27%), quality of life (15%), political leadership (10%), peace (9%), and ethnic conflicts (7%).

- Central voters are fairly pessimistic about the political outlook as just 15% say the political situation will improve and 37% say it will worsen over the next two-three years.

- On the economy, only 18% say the situation will be better, 42% worse, and 26% say it will stay the same.

- These voters are no more likely than the average to say that economic reforms should continue (16%) but are less likely (44%) to say the country should return to a system where the state controls much of the economy.

- Voters in the Center are also less likely than average to say that Russia is a democracy. Like the North/Northwest, a bare one-point plurality (45%) say it is while 44% say it is not.

- Voters in the Center are less likely to say political power should be decentralized (29%) while 34% believe it should be centralized.

- Besides Russia herself (29%) voters in this region also look to the United States (12%) as a model for development. Next is Germany (7%) and Sweden (7%).

- 27% say Russia would benefit from an orientation toward the West, 6% say the East, 18% say both, and 33% neither.

- Voters in the Center express an average reliance on media organizations or personalities (55%) for information when making voting decisions. 84% say National Channel 1 is useful and 78% call Channel 2 useful. Both scores are below average. In comparison with the rest of the nation, a lower percentage say that local television programs (40%), and local radio programs (46%) are useful. Discussions with friends and family (68%) are perceived to be useful. An average number (68%) say that newspapers are useful sources. Voters in this region say that National Channel 1 (39%) and Channel 2 (15%) were the most important in helping them decide how to vote.

Institutions and Officials

- The pessimism toward institutions and officials found in other areas is present in the Center. A 58% majority say that official corruption is very common and 28% fairly common. Only 4% say corruption is rare. Also, 59% say that elected officials in Moscow are only interested in helping themselves and 3% say they are interested in improving our lives. A 61% majority say their elected officials are not capable of making any improvement in their circumstances - making the Center the second most pessimistic region on the relevance of elected officials. Only 31% of this region's voters believe elected officials can make a difference.

- President Yeltsin's job approval in this region is similar to the national numbers. Only 22% approve and 69% disapprove. As for the Duma, 20% approve of its performance and 57% disapprove. Disapproval of the Federation Council is also significantly high as 17% approve and 44% disapprove.

Attitudes Toward the Electoral System

- The region is highly skeptical regarding free and fair elections. That is, 56% believe there was at least some fraud in 1993, with a national high of 34% who think there was a great deal of fraud, and 50% say there will be fraud in the 1995 elections.

- Those who believe fraud will occur divide responsibility in similar portions as the national sample. However, they are more likely than average to name «all of these.»


Central Election Commission


Executive Branch


Other central authorities


Local election offices


Local executive authorities


Political parties


Local candidate organizations


All of these

- Few voters in this region witnessed any improper or fraudulent voting acts. Just 4% saw poll watchers or local/election officials try to influence votes, and 4% say they felt their ballot wouldn't be kept secret. Just 12% witnessed group voting, one of the lowest percentages observed. Only 2% report seeing material or financial incentives being offered to voters.

- Knowledge about the Central Election Commission is similar to the rest of the nation. Only 8% have read or heard a fair amount or more and 48% have heard nothing at all.

- Support for the computerization of elections stands at 73% are in favor (55% quite a lot) and only 9% are opposed.

- Voters in this region strongly oppose allowing candidates for the State Duma (24%-57%), the Federation Council (23%-58%) and the Presidency (22%-60%) to receive private contributions. If contributions are allowed, 67% support a ceiling for the amounts. In all, 65% support a minimum voting threshold for validating elections.

- Voters in the Center are slightly less likely than the nation as a whole to want to increase the number of Duma representatives who are elected from party lists. In all, 20% want more representatives elected from party lists, 7% want more from single mandate constituencies, 30% would like the system to stay the same and 42% don't know.

- A 64% majority say the Federation Council should be directly elected, 10% want for indirect elections, and just 3% think members should be appointed by the President.

Voting Patterns

- Projected turnout for the Duma elections in the Center also compares to the national average. Overall, 75% say they will vote and 18% will not. The percentage of those saying they are certain to vote is 44%. 31% of all those age 17-35 are likely to vote.

- Planned turnout for the presidential elections is 76% and 49% are certain to vote - 3% above average.

- The Center has a low average vote efficacy score. That is, 51% believe that by voting, people can actually change something in the life of our country and 42% say this is not possible.

- The following table rank orders the results of the Presidential ballot test in the region.






















Don't Know


Political Parties

- The Center also exhibits strong support for the necessity of political parties. In all, 72% say that parties are necessary to Russian democracy and 51% feel strongly about that. Only 14% say they are not necessary.

Only 13% say that one party is the ideal and 45% call for several parties.

Voters in this region are also split on whether there are clear differences between the parties (38% yes - 39% no) and 6% say they are members of a party. Only 23% are more likely to vote for a candidate who is affiliated with a political party, 26% are more likely to vote for an unaffiliated candidate, and 36% say it makes no difference.

A 59% majority say that political parties speak to the issues that concern the Russian electorate.

- In the Duma ballot, the results are as follows:

Communist Party


Women of Russia




Russia's Democratic Choice




Agrarian Party


Our Home Russia


Democratic Party of Russia


Party of Economic Freedom


Party of Unity and Accord




Don't Know


Voter Education

Knowledge about the process is generally below average in the Central region and education efforts are clearly needed.

* 48% say they received enough information from election officials that they understood the election process:

* Only 2% have a great deal of information about the Democratic process, 12% have a fair amount, 56% have not very much, and 21% have none at all.

* 75% agree (49% strongly) that they don't have enough information with regard to their rights with regard to the authorities.

* Just 30% (-3% from average) say they received enough information about the candidates or parties to make a good choice in the 1993 Parliamentary elections and 45% did not.

* 13% are very or somewhat familiar with their voting rights.

* 21% didn't have enough information on how to check the voter registry.

* Misunderstandings about voting rights are at above average levels on several items include the following: 34% think that those who do not speak Russian may not vote - 6% above average, and 61% think those serving time in prison may vote (+10%). Other substantial levels include the following responses: 33% believe a family member can vote on your behalf by presenting your passport; 36% say that those who don't currently reside in Russia may not vote, and 10% think it is not necessary to be inside the ballot booth when voting.

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